Video / Graphics Cards

Video/graphics cards and integrated  motherboard/processor graphics chips

Graphics cards - fan-cooled (left) and passive-cooled

Graphics cards – fan-cooled (left) and passive-cooled. Click on the image to see its full size

This section of this website, combined with its Graphics Card Problems, Monitors and Laptop PCs sections, provides all of the information a prospective or an actual desktop and laptop PC owner needs to know about graphics cards and other graphics implementations and the problems that beset them.

Note well that Windows 10 does not like swapping cards if the old card’s device drivers are still installed, so  remove any previous drivers ny using the Win10 Device Manager and shut down the PC before replacing the graphics card. If, say, you have a graphics card made by Asus, boot the system. If you are online, Win10 will find and install the drivers from Windows Update, but you should install the latest drivers from  – Graphics Cards Support and Services – and  everything should work perfectly.

Installation of graphics and sound cards

The Installing video/graphics and sound cards section of the Build Your Own Desktop PC article (under the Hardware menu item) on this website provides illustrated information on and videos of the installations of those adapter cards.


1.Graphics motherboard connection standards: PCI, PCI-X and PCI Express

2.Graphics connection interfaces: VGA, DVI, DisplayPort,HDMI and USB

3.Using multiple monitors

4.Intel and AMD processors (CPUs) with integrated graphics chips

5. Video card device drivers

6.AMD’s CrossFireX, Nvidia’s SLI and comparisons of graphics cards

7.How to find out the information about the graphics card(s) installed in a PC/computer

8.More detailed information on the graphics-card auxiliary power connectors and connection interfaces – VGA, DVI, DisplayPort and HDMI

9.The HDMI sound and vision transmission standard, its digital rights management system and other matters

10.How to fix Windows 10 upgrade graphics card problems

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Interesting information on graphics cards on the web

How To Avoid Potential Problems With Windows 10 Update If You Have A Discrete Graphics Card –

Intel to become a manufacturer of graphics cards

Intel has decided to become a manufacturer of high-power graphics cards. The video at the top of the following page is a discussion on this prospect.

Intel 10th-gen Core i9 to deliver 5.3GHz clock speeds, according to leaked slide [March 20, 2020] –